The year 2020 has been more than what we bargained for. From a pandemic called COVID-19 hitting almost the entire world, to the hardships caused by the lockdown to several businesses, to border tensions, and fears of a slump in corporate profitability, to cancellation and/or postponement of major sporting and social events, this has been quite a year so far.
The stock market in India has seen quite a roller-coaster ride. The S&P BSE Sensitive Index had fallen from a high of 42,273.9 in January 2020 to 25,638.9 in March 2020 (a fall of over 39%). This has been one of the sharpest falls in India’s stock market ever. However, the Index has staged a decent recovery, and at the end of June 2020, has risen to 34,915.8, which is a rise of 36% from the bottom of the year.
The world economy is afflicted by weak sentiment, trade-related disruptions, and rising downside risks to growth. Central banks leaning towards lower rates reflects growing pessimism on the growth front. The calm that characterised global financial markets in the beginning of 2019 has been dispelled since May, with a combination of trade and geo-political tensions and the worsening global growth outlook imparting heightened volatility.